Women are more likely to act violently in retaliation or self-defense and tend to engage in less severe forms of violence than men whereas men are more likely to commit long-term cycles of abuse than women.The World Health Organization (WHO) defines intimate partner violence as "any behaviour within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship".It was created to detect abuse perpetrated against pregnant women.The screening tool has been tested predominantly with young, poor women. Elaine Storkey in her comprehensive analysis, Scars Across Humanity IVP Academic 2018, argues that intimate partner violence is one aspect of a global manifestation of violence against women.Other examples she cites are selective abortion, female genital mutilation, early, enforced marriage, honour killings, rape, trafficking, prostitution and sexual violence in war.Intimate terrorism, or coercive controlling violence (CCV), occurs when one partner in a relationship, typically a man, uses coercive control and power over the other partner, The victims of one type of abuse are often the victims of other types of abuse.This is the most common form of intimate partner violence, particularly in the western world and among young couples, and involves members of both sexes nearly equally.Among college students, Johnson found it to be perpetrated about 44% of the time by women and 56% of the time by men.
Violent resistance on its own is non-reciprocal, but is reciprocal when in response to intimate terrorism.
any behaviour within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship, including acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors." The most extreme form of such violence may be termed battering, intimate terrorism, coercive controlling violence, or simply coercive control, in which one person is violent and controlling; this is generally perpetrated by men against women, and is the most likely of the types to require medical services and the use of a women's shelter.
The most common but less injurious form of intimate partner violence is situational couple violence (also known as situational violence), which is conducted by individuals of both genders nearly equally, Intimate partner violence occurs between two people in an intimate relationship.
It has been found to have good internal reliability and acceptable concurrent validity.
The AAS is a five-item measure scored on a yes/no scale, with positive responses to any question denoting abuse.