Later a flat tool was used to press the clay against the other hand.This simple procedure brought forth the elegant and astonishingly thin-walled vessels of the Naqada II period A large earthenware pot is apparently in the act of being baked.Most of the pottery manufactured in Egypt was made of reddish brown clay, which was ubiquitous, and is called Nile silt ware.It served everyday purposes and was often left undecorated.
The related technique of using a mould was adopted only during the Second Intermediate Period (18th to 16th century BCE).
The potter's wheel, which came into use during the Old Kingdom (27th to 22nd century BCE) was rotated by hand, and it was not until two millennia later that the kick wheel was introduced which at last freed both hands.
In the beginning potters found turntables convenient to get easier access to all sides of the work piece, still using old methods, such as pinching or coiling.
Pottery, the moulding of form out of a formless mass and its becoming imperishable through firing, is the most miraculous kind of creation. The exquisite artefacts made of gold, carved out of hard stone or formed from glass might make us forget that the Egyptians lived with clay and not the expensive alternatives found in royal tombs.
They lived in it, drank from it, cooked in it, ate from it, carried liquids in it, played with it, and when they died, the only offerings of any permanence most could afford were made from it.